Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral Arterial Disease


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition characterized by narrowed or blocked blood vessels in the peripheral arteries, typically in the legs.


Causes of Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD):

  1. Atherosclerosis: The most common cause, involving the buildup of plaques in the arteries, leading to narrowing and reduced blood flow.
  2. Smoking: Tobacco use significantly increases the risk of PAD by damaging blood vessels and promoting plaque formation.
  3. Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can damage blood vessels and accelerate atherosclerosis.
  4. High blood pressure: Hypertension can lead to arterial damage and contribute to the development of PAD.
  5. High cholesterol: Elevated levels of LDL cholesterol can contribute to the formation of plaques in the arteries.